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EndNote desktop: FAQs and tips: Vancouver: changing your in-text numbering format

Vancouver variations

Vancouver (or a related medical-related style) allows for three variations for in-text numbering:

  • Parentheses (round brackets), like so: (3)
  • Square brackets, like so: [3]
  • Superscript, like so: 3

None of them is prescribed as the preferred variation, so different publishers might use any of these.

EndNote makes it easy to change between these variations.

By default, EndNote uses parentheses.

To change to square brackets:

1. In EndNote, ensure the Vancouver style (or other style you are modifying) is selected. You can find the drop-down style selector above your library list of references.

screenshot of EndNote style drop-down showing Vancouver style selected

2. Edit menu > Output Styles > Edit "Vancouver"

screenshot showing Edit Vancouver under Output Styles in the Edit menu of EndNote

3. In the Citations section of the style editor, select Templates

4. Change the parentheses (round brackets) around Bibliography Number in both templates to square brackets

animated screenshot showing editing a round bracket to square in the style editor under Citation section, Templates

5. Close the style editor

screenshot of style editor with Close button indicated

6. When EndNote asks about saving changes to the Vancouver style before closing, click Yes

7. When it asks you to rename the modified style. rename it to something meaningful e.g. Vancouver (square brackets)

animated screenshot of renaming from Vancouver Copy to something meaningful before clicking Save

8. From the style selection drop-down, choose Select Another Style...

animated screenshot showing choosing the entry for Choose Another Style... from the EndNote drop-down style selector

9. Browse to and select your modified style

animated screenshot of choosing the newly modified style in the style list

 

Your modified Vancouver style will now use square brackets when inserting in-text numerical citations in Word.

screenshot of an in-text numerical citation using square brackets

To change to superscript:

1. In EndNote, ensure the Vancouver style (or other style you are modifying) is selected. You can find the drop-down style selector above your library list of references.

screenshot of EndNote style drop-down showing Vancouver style selected

2. Edit menu > Output Styles > Edit "Vancouver"

screenshot showing Edit Vancouver under Output Styles in the Edit menu of EndNote

3. In the Citations section of the style editor, select Templates

4. Delete the parentheses (round brackets) in both templates. Select the text for Bibliography Number and set it to superscript using the options above. Do not make the text for Author into Superscript

animated screenshot showing deleting parentheses and changing Bibliography Number to superscript

5. Close the style editor

screenshot of style editor indicating Close button

6. When EndNote asks about saving changes to the Vancouver style before closing, click Yes

7. When it asks you to rename the modified style. rename it to something meaningful e.g. Vancouver (superscript)

animated screenshot showing renaming default Vancouver Copy to Vancouver (superscript)

8. From the style selection drop-down, choose Select Another Style...

animated screenshot showing choosing the entry for Choose Another Style... from the EndNote drop-down style selector

9. Browse to and select your modified style

animated screenshot showing selecting newly modified style from style list

Your modified Vancouver style will now use superscript when inserting in-text numerical citations in Word.

screenshot of superscript in-text citation in a Word document