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Assignment Summary

This assignment requires you to write:

An analytical report

You need to:

  • Critically analyse factors influencing student transition to professional nursing
  • You will be given one of the following factors to analyse:
    • Competency in planning and organising shift workload
    • Prioritising and coping with unexpected events
    • Proficiency in managing and executing technical skills
  • Use at least 8 peer reviewed articles, and the nursing Standards, Codes and Guidelines as evidence

Plan Your Search

Start planning your search by:

  1. Identify the key concepts in your assignment scenario
  2. Consider alternative terms that authors might use for these

For this assessment, you may need to to conduct multiple searches, which may include some examples of the factor you have been given. You may need to consider the key concepts in a broader or more specific way and how some of the factors relate specifically to nursing. 

The following search concepts are examples only. You will need to identify appropriate concepts and terms for the assessment yourself.

Key concepts

Alternative terms
Student transition to professional nursing graduate nurses, early career nurse, newly qualified nurses, transition to practice
Fatigue tired, sleep deprivation, shift work, sleep quality

Now use Boolean operators to connect your search terms. 

Use OR to combine all the terms for the same concept: graduate nurse OR newly qualified nurse

Use AND to combine terms from different concepts: graduate nurse AND fatigue

Use quotation marks to search for a phrase: "sleep quality"

Use brackets to group all terms from the same concept together

Watch the following video to learn more about Boolean operators

When you put it together: 

("graduate nurse" OR "transition to practice" OR "early career nurse" OR "newly qualified nurse") AND (fatigue OR tired OR "sleep deprivation" OR "shift work" OR "sleep quality")

You will probably need to alter your search terms as you go.

Search For Resources

Suggested databases for this assignment are: 

You are required to refer to the relevant nursing codes and standards in this assessment and how the transition factor impacts on adherence to the codes and standards. 

Do your references pass the CRAAP test?

When was the article published? Check the assessment instructions to see if a date range has been given. Generally for nursing, more recent articles are preferred because new and updated information may have come out.

How old are the references? Has the article referred to other fairly recent articles? 

How old is the data used? Check to see if the data was collected a long time before the study was published. If it has been, do the authors explain why this was?

Is this information relevant to your assignment? Is there likely to be better information? This will depend on what you are trying to find out. Often you will need to read the abstract to find out.

Is this aimed at the correct audience? Articles for this assessment should be peer reviewed. If you are not sure, you can copy and paste the title into Quicksearch to see if the purple peer review icon shows in the result:

Alternatively, you can check the journal title in Ulrichs. If it has a small black icon that looks like a book next to the title, it is peer reviewed (called refereed in Ulrichs).

Who wrote it? What are their qualifications? Are the qualifications relevant to the topic? Most peer reviewed articles will have information about the authors, often at the end or hyperlinked, with their qualifications listed. 

Where do they work? Who do they work for? Generally, authors should be working for a university or a research centre of some kind. 

Are they likely to have a good understanding of this field?

What is the study population size and characteristics? Keep in mind this is dependent on the study type, for example qualitative studies usually have smaller study populations than quantitative. The population does need to be fairly similar however, to enable accurate results and to make sure any effects reported are due to the treatment. For example, a treatment for back pain may look more effective if the group receiving the treatment is much younger than the group that doesn't.

Is there a control group? This is a group that does not receive the treatment, and allows the researchers to compare them to the group getting the treatment to see if it works.

Is there blinding? This is where the control and treatment groups do not know whether they are getting the intervention or not. Remember though that this might not be possible for some interventions, for example researchers testing a new vaccine can give the control group a saline solution instead of the vaccine, but if they are testing a new massage technique it is almost impossible for the participants to be unaware if they received a massage or not!

Do the statistics make sense and match the authors' claims? 

Who funded the study? Is it a company, university or research organisation? If it is a company, do they manufacture a product being tested? If you are not sure, can always search for them on the internet. If the URL ends in .com, it is a company.

Is there any obvious bias where the authors or their employers are likely to benefit from the study recommendations? For example, if the authors work for a particular company and recommend the use of one of their products, this could indicate a risk of bias.

Does it state what the authors' were trying to find out? The research aims or questions should be clearly stated in the beginning of the article, and the conclusions should describe what they found out.

Write Your Assignment

The following PDFs and webpages from the Study Skills website are helpful for writing your assignment.


FedCite is the one stop shop for all your referencing needs. In nursing, you need to use APA 7. Look at the Using APA7 section to find out general information on how to cite and reference, and the source types for specific examples. 

In this assignment, you need to reference peer reviewed journal articles and nursing standards and codes. The table below summarises how to reference these from FedCite and the Referencing common nursing sources page from this guide.

Source Citation Reference
Article with 1 author

Recent studies indicate that . . . (Carbonaro, 2012).

Carbonaro (2012) contends that . . .

Author. (Year). Article title. Journal Name, vol(issue), xx–xx. DOI or URL

Carbonation, L. A. (2012). Can we use MR-mammography to predict nodal status? European Journal of Radiology, 81(1), 17-18.
Article with 2 authors

. . . identifies skills intrinsic to current nursing practitioners (Felton & Royal, 2015).

Felton and Royal (2015) argue that . .

Author. (Year). Article title. Journal Namevol(issue), xx–xx. DOI or URL

Felton, A., & Royal, J. (2015). Skills for nursing practice: Development of clinical skills in pre-registration nurse education. Nurse Education in Practice15(1), 38-43.
Article with 3-20 authors
  • Use only the first listed author’s family name followed by et al. (a Latin abbreviation meaning ‘and others’).

. . . outlining the thought processes (Demacheva et al., 2012).

Demacheva et al. (2012) outlined the through processes relevant to ...

Author. (Year). Article title. Journal Namevol(issue), xx–xx. DOI

Demacheva, I., Ladouceur, M., Steinberg, E., Pogossova, G., & Raz, A. (2012). The applied cognitive psychology of attention: A step closer to understanding magic tricks. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26(4), 541-549.
Article without a doi
  • A doi is a digital object identifier. Some older articles do not have one. Follow the citation instructions according to the number of authors.

Author. (Year). Article title. Journal Namevol(issue), xx–xx. 

Walker, B., & Buchbinder, R. (1997). Most commonly used methods of detecting spinal subluxation and the preferred term for its description: A survey of chiropractors in Victoria, Australia. Journal of Manipulative & Physiological Therapeutics20(9), 583-589.  
National Safety and Quality Health Standards

1st in-text citation:

(Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care [ACSQHC], 2017, Standard 4.7)

Subsequent in-text citations:

(ACSQHC, 2012, Standard 4.7)

Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care. (2017). National safety and quality health service standards (2nd ed.).>
Code of conduct for nurses

1st in-text citation:

(Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia [NMBA], 2018, Principle 4.1)

Subsequent in-text citations:

(NMBA, 2018, Principle 3.3)

Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia. (2018). Code of conduct for nurses.
Registered nurse practice standards

1st in-text citation:

(Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia [NMBA], 2016, Standard 3.2)

Subsequent in-text citations:

(NMBA, 2016, Standard 1.2)

Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia. (2016). Registered nurses standards for practice.