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Nursing

Your online referencing guide: FedCite

Lots of examples, instructions, and tips on citing and referencing. To get started, click on your style. Expand any line with a

Examples and instructions for APA, MLA, Chicago Footnote, IEEE and "Australian Harvard" referencing styles

Go to FedCite

Printable Quick Guides: Referencing

These "Quick Guides" have been created by the Learning Skills Advisors. 

See also the Study Skills Referencing page.

Need more help with referencing?

For quick help during Semester, contact the ASK team.

Alternatively, book an appointment for more in-depth individual help from a Learning Skills Advisor. 

Referencing tips (APA 7th edition)

  • If you use a direct quote, you must include a page number (for works without pages, use some other location identifier e.g. para. 4 for paragraph 4)
    "chocolate intake was positively associated with cognitive performance" (Crichton et al., 2016, p. 129)

 

  • Authors
    • One or two authors: Always use both authors: (Jenkins & Tapper, 2014)
    • Three or more authors: Use the first author and et al. all the way through, even the first time: (Kuebler et al., 2015)

 

  • In-text citations must match the reference list:
but only if it is dark chocolate (Rusconi et al., 2012)
Rusconi, M., Rossi, M. G., Moccetti, T., & Conti, A. (2012). Acute vascular effects of chocolate in healthy human volunteers. In A. Conti, R. Paoletti, A. Poli, & F. Visioli (Eds.), Chocolate and health (pp. 87-102). Springer.

 

dangerous for dogs (Department of Primary Industries, 2012).
Department of Primary Industries. (2012). Give a dog a bone, not chocolate this Easter. http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/content/archive/news-releases/agriculture/2012/give-a-dog-a-bone

If you are using a Mac, you will usually have to use the Command or or Apple key instead of Ctrl.


Only in Word

APA - hanging indent in the reference list

Ctrl+T - adds a hanging indent to the selected paragraphs (or references)

(Remember, for a Mac use Cmd+T instead)

If you accidentally indent too far, use Shift+Ctrl+T to unindent (Shift+Cmd+T on a Mac)

animation showing selection of references in Word, followed by Ctrl+T to format the selection with a hanging indent

 

Sorting by A-Z - Word has a feature to sort selected lines or paragraphs (or references) alphabetically. Select your references, and click the A-Z button on the Home tab.

Note: if you don't select your references first, all the paragraphs in your essay will be sorted alphabetically - this is a bad thing, select your references first.

screenshot of Word, indicating locatrion of A-Z sorting icon or button

Changing case - Word has a feature (look for the Aa button) to change case, so you can quickly change a title to correct sentence case.
(Hint: Ctrl+click will select a whole sentence, which often is enough to select a book or journal article title)

Sentence case is what you want, but sometimes going straight to sentence case doesn't work in Word - if this happens, select your article or book title, first change it to lowercase, then change it to sentence case.

You may also need to manually edit it afterwards to start a sub-title with a capital letter.

screenshot from Word, indicating location of icon to change to sentence case


Use them everywhere

Remember, as it mentions above, if you have a Mac then use Cmd instead of Ctrl

Ctrl+A - select All

Ctrl+C - Copy

Ctrl+X - cut   (think of X = )

Ctrl+V - paste   (think of V = or put it here)

For easier selecting : If you have a laptop touchpad and selecting text is awkward, just put your cursor where you want to start selecting, then (instead of using the touchpad) hold down Shift and use the arrow keys     on the keyboard to "drag out" the area of selection.

FAQ: How do I reference a MIMS drug entry?

You can cite a particular drug entry as a web page:

MIMS Australia. (n.d.). Advil childrens 2-7 years chewable tablets. MIMS Online. Retrieved June 7, 2019, from

Notes:

​Cite in-text as

   ... to ameliorate pain (MIMS Australia, n.d.).

If you have multiple drug references from MIMS Online, reference them using a hyphen and lower-case letter after the n.d. (-a, -b, -c, etc) and in alphabetical order in the reference list:

MIMS Australia. (n.d.-a). Advil childrens 2-7 years chewable tablets. MIMS Online. Retrieved June 7, 2019, from https://www-mimsonline-com-au.ezproxy.federation.edu.au/Search/AbbrPI.aspx?ModuleName=Product%20Info&searchKeyword=advil&PreviousPage=~/Search/QuickSearch.aspx&SearchType=&ID=98170001_2

MIMS Australia. (n.d.-b). Panadol (children) 7+ years soluble tablets. MIMS Online. Retrieved June 7, 2019, from https://www-mimsonline-com-au.ezproxy.federation.edu.au/Search/AbbrPI.aspx?ModuleName=Product%20Info&searchKeyword=panadol&PreviousPage=~/Search/QuickSearch.aspx&SearchType=&ID=41310001_2

Cite in-text using the letter after the n.d. as

   ... might use Advil (MIMS Australia, n.d.-a). Panadol might be used for older children (MIMS Australia, n.d.-b) ...

It's time to play: What's that reference? (APA 7th edition)

Janssen, V. (2012). Indirect tracking of drop bears using GNSS technology. Australian Geographer, 43(4), 445-452. https://doi.org/10.1080/00049182.2012.731307

Correct, well done!
Sorry, look again

Click on the type of item you think this reference shows.

Is this a:

What gives it away? 
  • Volume number, issue number (journal article)
  • Article title AND journal name
  • Page range (part of something bigger, could be a book chapter or journal article)
  • Italics for larger container (the journal name and volume), but not for the title of the specific section (part of something bigger, could be a book chapter or journal article)
  • No editor(s) in addition to author(s) (not a book chapter)
  • No publisher

Stabler-Haas, S. (2012). Fast facts for the student nurse: Nursing student success in a nutshell. Springer.

Correct, well done!
Sorry, look again

Click on the type of item you think this reference shows.

Is this a:

What gives it away? 
  • No volume number, no issue number (not a journal article)
  • No page range (complete work in itself, not a book chapter or journal article)
  • Italics for larger container, no specific section without italics (not a book chapter or journal article)
  • Publisher

Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia. (2016). Registered nurse standards for practice. http://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/documents/default.aspx?record=WD16%2F19524&dbid=AP&chksum=R5Pkrn8yVpb9bJvtpTRe8w%3D%3D

Correct, well done!
Sorry, look again

Click on the type of item you think this reference shows.

Is this a:

What gives it away? 
  • Web address opens a PDF file
  • No volume or issue numbers (not a journal article)
  • No page numbers (not a journal article or book chapter)

Federation University Australia. (2016). Federation Gippsland campus tour [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JQ3SBI7Iado

Correct, well done!
Sorry, look again

Click on the type of item you think this reference shows.

Is this a:

What gives it away? 
  • Format identifier [Video]
  • Web address on YouTube (with watch parameter) and website identifier (YouTube.)
  • No volume or issue numbers (not a journal article)
  • No page numbers (not a book chapter or journal article)

Australian Nursing & Midwifery Federation Victorian Branch. (2022). Membership benefits. https://www.anmfvic.asn.au/membership/benefits

Correct, well done!
Sorry, look again

Click on the type of item you think this reference shows.

Is this a:

What gives it away? 
  • Web address takes you to a web page
  • No format identifier (e.g. not a video)
  • No volume or issue numbers (not a journal article)
  • No page numbers (not a book chapter or journal article)

Thomas, J. (2010). Public health. In D. Sellman & P. Snelling (Eds.), Becoming a nurse: A textbook for professional practice (284-314). Pearson Education.

Correct, well done!
Sorry, look again

Click on the type of item you think this reference shows.

Is this a:

What gives it away? 
  • Chapter title AND book title (book chapter, no volume number so not a journal article)
  • Page range (part of something bigger, could be a book chapter or journal article)
  • Italics for larger container but not for specific section (book chapter, or possibly journal name)
  • Use "In " (book chapter)
  • Both chapter author(s) AND book editor(s)
  • Publisher
  • No volume number or issue number (not a journal article)