Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Nursing

How to reference key resources for nursing (APA 7th)

Source In text citation Reference list
National Safety and Quality Health Standards

1st in-text citation:

(Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care [ACSQHC], 2017, Standard 4.7)

Subsequent in-text citations:

(ACSQHC, 2012, Standard 4.7)

Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care. (2017). National safety and quality health service standards (2nd ed.). https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/sites/default/files/migrated/National-Safety-and-Quality-Health-Service-Standards-second-edition.pdf
Code of conduct for nurses

1st in-text citation:

(Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia [NMBA], 2018, Principle 4.1)

Subsequent in-text citations:

(NMBA, 2018, Principle 3.3)

Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (2018). Code of conduct for nurses. https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/documents/default.aspx?record=WD17%2f23849&dbid=AP&chksum=ki92NMPa9thp9f9ZhTQNJg%3d%3d   

International code of ethics for nurses

1st in-text citation:

(International Council of Nurses [ICN], 2021)

Subsequent in-text citations:

(ICN, 2021)

International Council of Nurses. (2021). The ICN code of ethics for nurseshttps://www.icn.ch/system/files/2021-10/ICN_Code-of-Ethics_EN_Web_0.pdf

 

Registered nurse practice standards

1st in-text citation:

(Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia [NMBA], 2016, Standard 3.2)

Subsequent in-text citations:

(NMBA, 2016, Standard 1.2)

Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia. (2016). Registered nurses standards for practice. https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/Professional-standards/registered-nurse-standards-for-practice.aspx

Note: Include the specific standard or principle in the in text citation. Only reference the standard once, even if you refer to multiple sections within the text.

Resource In text citation Reference list
Acts Safe Patient Care Act 2015 (Vic) s 14
Safe Patient Care (Nurse to Patient and Midwife to Patient Ratios) Act 2015 (Vic) https://austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/vic/consol_act/spctpamtpra2015597/s20.html?context=1;query=nurse;mask_path=au/legis/vic/consol_act
  Health Practitioner Regulation National Law 2009 (Vic) s 20
Health Practitioner Regulation National Law (Victoria) Act 2009 (Vic) https://content.legislation.vic.gov.au/sites/default/files/439b6ffc-60e6-330e-b33b-dea7fdd6507a_09-79aa006%20authorised.pdf
PDF from Victorian Department of Health and Human Services website

1st citation: 

(Department of Health and Human Services [DHHS], 2019)

Subsequent citations:

(DHHS, 2019)

Department of Health and Human Services. (2019). Strong carers, stronger children. https://www.dhhs.vic.gov.au/sites/default/files/documents/201910/Strong%20carers%20stronger%20children_1.pdf
Information from Victorian Department of Health and Human Services website

1st citation:

(Department of Health [DH], 2021)

Subsequent citations:

(DH, 2021)

Department of Health. (2021). It's time to talk about mental health. https://www.vic.gov.au/health/its-time-talk-about-mental-health

Note: Include the exact section of the act you are referring to, using s as an abbreviation. If there is an official short title, you may use that in the in text citation instead of the full title.

Source In text citation Reference list
PDF guideline (Speech Pathology Australia, 2020)
Speech Pathology Australia. (2020). Augmentative and alternative communication clinical guideline. https://www.speechpathologyaustralia.org.au/imis0/SPAweb/Members/Clinical_Guidelines/spaweb/Members/Clinical_Guidelines/Clinical_Guidelines.aspx?hkey=f66634e4-825a-4f1a-910d-644553f59140
Continually update guideline (World Health Organisation, n.d.)
World Health Organisation. (n.d.). Therapeutics and COVID-19: Living guideline. Retrieved May 17, 2021, from https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/WHO-2019-nCoV-therapeutics-2021.1
Hospital policy or guidelines

1st citation:

(Royal Children's Hospital [RCH], 2019)

Subsequent citations:

(RCH, 2019)

Royal Children's Hospital. (2019). Clinical practice guidelines: Management of tetanus-prone wounds.  https://www.rch.org.au/clinicalguide/guideline_index/Management_of_tetanusprone_wounds/

Note: If an online guideline is continuously updated, use (n.d.) for no date, and include the retrieval date. 

Source In text citation Reference list
Joanna Briggs Institute (Best practice: evidence based information sheet) (Joanna Briggs Institute, 2020)
Joanna Briggs Institute. (2020). Effectiveness of phosphate binders in adult patients with end stage renal disease receiving hemodialysis. Best Practice: Evidence based information sheets for health professionals, 22(11), 1-4. http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=reference&D=jbi&NEWS=N&AN=JBI100546.
Joanna Briggs Institute (Evidence summary) (Peters, 2021)
Peters, M. (2021). Liver biopsy: Clinician information (AN: JBI1468) [Evidence summary]. JBI. http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=reference&D=jbi&NEWS=N&AN=JBI1468.
CINAHL (Evidence based care sheet) (Holle & Schub, 2020)
Holle, M. N., & Schub, E. (2020). Melanoma: Disease staging [Evidence-based care sheet]. CINAHL Nursing Guide. https://search-ebscohost-com.login.aspx?direct=true&db=ccm&AN=T701681&site=ehost-live&scope=site
The Cochrane Library (Systematic reviews) (Somarju & Solis-Moya, 2020)
Somaraju, U. R., & Solis-Moya, A. (2020). Pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy for people with cystic fibrosis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. https://doi-org/10.1002/14651858.CD008227.pub4

Note: Sometimes systematic reviews on the Cochrane database are updated and may contain new information. Only cite and reference the version that you actually access.

Unlike a general web page, where you would italicise the title of the specific page, if an article-style reference item is only available through a specific database or repository, italicise the database.

Source In text citation Reference list
MIMS online (MIMS Australia, n.d.)
MIMS online (multiple references)

(MIMS Australia, n.d.-a)

(MIMS Australia, n.d.-b)

MIMS Australia. (n.d.-a). Advil childrens 2-7 years chewable tablets. MIMS Online. Retrieved June 7, 2019, from https://www-mimsonline-com-au/Search/AbbrPI.aspx?ModuleName=Product%20Info&searchKeyword=advil&PreviousPage=~/Search/QuickSearch.aspx&SearchType=&ID=98170001_2

 

MIMS Australia. (n.d.-b). Panadol (children) 7+ years soluble tablets. MIMS Online. Retrieved June 7, 2019, from https://www-mimsonline-com-au/Search/AbbrPI.aspx?ModuleName=Product%20Info&searchKeyword=panadol&PreviousPage=~/Search/QuickSearch.

 

NCBI bookshelf (Sharma et al., 2021)
Sharma, S., Hashmi, M. F., & Valention, D. J. (2021, February 11). Actinomycosis. In StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK482151/

Note: MIMS is continuously updated, so n.d. is used as the publication date and a retrieval date is included. StatPearls is frequently updated, so the full updated date is included in the reference.