This assessment requires you to write:
A nursing practice plan:
This assessment help page assumes you have read the course outline, assessment description and marking rubric provided in Moodle. (link)
Start planning your search by:
You may need to conduct multiple searches for this assessment.
Example: The diverse population chosen might be refugees. Possible search terms for the part of the report that discusses social determinants of health could be:
|Key concepts||Alternative terms|
|refugees||"asylum seeker" OR "displaced person"|
|Australia (if you are only focused on the Australian context)||
(truncation will find Australia, Australian, Australians)
|determinants of health||"social determinants" OR "social determinants of health"|
Now use Boolean operators to connect your search terms.
Use OR to combine all the terms for the same concept: mental health OR wellbeing
Use AND to combine terms from different concepts: mental health AND support
Use quotation marks to search for a phrase: "mental health"
Use brackets to group all terms from the same concept together
Use truncation to search for only the first part of the word (useful if there are likely to be plurals)
Watch the following video to learn more about Boolean operators
When you put it all together:
(refugee OR "asylum seeker" OR "displaced person") AND Australia* AND ("determinants of health" OR "social determinants" OR "social determinants of health")
You may need to alter your search terms.
When was the article published? Check the assessment instructions to see if a date range has been given. Generally for nursing, more recent articles are preferred because new and updated information may have come out.
How old are the references? Has the article referred to other fairly recent articles?
How old is the data used? Check to see if the data was collected a long time before the study was published. If it has been, do the authors explain why this was?
Is this information relevant to your assignment? Is there likely to be better information? This will depend on what you are trying to find out. Often you will need to read the abstract to find out.
Is this aimed at the correct audience? Articles for this assessment should be peer reviewed. If you are not sure, you can copy and paste the title into Quicksearch to see if the purple peer review icon shows in the result:
Alternatively, you can check the journal title in Ulrichs. If it has a small black icon that looks like a book next to the title, it is peer reviewed (called refereed in Ulrichs).
Who wrote it? What are their qualifications? Are the qualifications relevant to the topic? Most peer reviewed articles will have information about the authors, often at the end or hyperlinked, with their qualifications listed.
Where do they work? Who do they work for? Generally, authors should be working for a university or a research centre of some kind.
Are they likely to have a good understanding of this field?
What is the study population size and characteristics? Keep in mind this is dependent on the study type, for example qualitative studies usually have smaller study populations than quantitative. The population does need to be fairly similar however, to enable accurate results and to make sure any effects reported are due to the treatment. For example, a treatment for back pain may look more effective if the group receiving the treatment is much younger than the group that doesn't.
Is there a control group? This is a group that does not receive the treatment, and allows the researchers to compare them to the group getting the treatment to see if it works.
Is there blinding? This is where the control and treatment groups do not know whether they are getting the intervention or not. Remember though that this might not be possible for some interventions, for example researchers testing a new vaccine can give the control group a saline solution instead of the vaccine, but if they are testing a new massage technique it is almost impossible for the participants to be unaware if they received a massage or not!
Do the statistics make sense and match the authors' claims?
Who funded the study? Is it a company, university or research organisation? If it is a company, do they manufacture a product being tested? If you are not sure, can always search for them on the internet. If the URL ends in .com, it is a company.
Is there any obvious bias where the authors or their employers are likely to benefit from the study recommendations? For example, if the authors work for a particular company and recommend the use of one of their products, this could indicate a risk of bias.
Does it state what the authors' were trying to find out? The research aims or questions should be clearly stated in the beginning of the article, and the conclusions should describe what they found out.
As mentioned previously, the rubric can be helpful in planning searches so ensure you have looked through it thoroughly. This will improve the quality of selected resources as well as likely provide you with higher marks.
The following documents can help you with writing and structuring your report.
The study skills website has instructions on writing reports as well.
The following video has been created by the Library to step you through the referencing process if you are new to FedCite.
Please refer to the common nursing sources page of this LibGuide to aid in referencing some of the more frequently used nursing literature such as the NMBA Standards.
Use the Journal article section of FedCite to reference the peer reviewed articles you use. Remember the Using APA7 section has information about what to do if the article doesn't quite fit into the template, such as if there is no DOI, or if you have two articles by the same author.