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Library session polls

To find articles that talk about effective communication in the context of health, the best search terms would be:
"effective communication" OR health: 15 votes (10.64%)
"effective communication" AND "health": 106 votes (75.18%)
"effective communication" AND health: 20 votes (14.18%)
Total Votes: 141
A correct in-text APA citation would be:
(Brooks, 2020): 48 votes (96%)
(2020, Brooks): 2 votes (4%)
[2020, Brooks]: 0 votes (0%)
Total Votes: 50
You are asked to use peer-reviewed journal articles because:
They contain reliable, accurate information: 41 votes (93.18%)
They are easy to find: 2 votes (4.55%)
They are shorter than books: 1 votes (2.27%)
Total Votes: 44
The most reliable source of health information is:
A social media influencer: 0 votes (0%)
A health article in the news: 2 votes (4.65%)
Uncle Bob on Facebook: 0 votes (0%)
A peer-reviewed journal article: 41 votes (95.35%)
Total Votes: 43

Assignment Summary

This assessment is in 2 parts.

PART A requires you to write:

An introduction, paragraph plan, and (brief) reference list. For the Library portion:

  • Find a minimum of two (2) academically credible and relevant books and peer-reviewed journal articles
  • Create in-text citations in the APA 7th edition style
  • Create reference entries in the APA 7th edition style

In response to:

Explore effective communication in the context of being a health professional. In particular, identify what constitutes effective communication between patients and health professionals to improve health outcomes.


PART B requires you to write:

An essay:

  • Builds on the work in Part A
  • Find at least 6 additional academically credible sources on your chosen topic 
  • Use and reference all sources

In response to:

Building on your understanding of effective communication from Task 1a you will explore effective communication with patients using a case study. You will assume the role of a Registered Nurse, a Physiotherapist or an Occupational Therapist, who has received a client referral for patient management with the focus on effective communication. You have not yet met this patient/client. You should critically reflect on how communication with the patient/client will take place. You must choose ONE of the two cases provided in Moodle for your essay response.


Please note:

This Library assessment help page assumes you have read the course outline, assessment description and marking rubric provided in Moodle. 

Plan Your Search

Start planning your search by:

  1. Identify the key concepts in your assignment scenario
  2. Consider alternative terms that authors might use for these

You will need to take some of the keywords out of the topic and think about how they might be used by authors in relevant articles. For example, authors are more likely to use professional terms, for example instead of talk or chat, authors may use terms like discuss, or communicate

You may need to do multiple smaller searches to find all you need. 

Key concepts Alternative terms
health healthcare OR "health care"
barriers obstacles OR challenges OR difficulties OR issues OR problems
interprofessional communication "interprofessional collaboration" OR "interprofessional teamwork" OR multidisciplinary OR interdisciplinary
effective communication "communication strategies" OR "communication skills" OR "effective clinical communication" OR "clinical communication skills"

Now use Boolean operators to connect your search terms. 

Use OR to combine all the terms for the same concept: mental health OR wellbeing

Use AND to combine terms from different concepts: mental health AND support

Use quotation marks to search for a phrase: "mental health"

Use brackets to group all terms from the same concept together

Watch the following video to learn more about Boolean operators

When you put it together:

(health OR healthcare OR "health care") AND (barriers OR obstacles OR challenges OR difficulties OR issues OR problems) AND communication AND (Aboriginal OR Indigenous)

Please note, this example is intended only to demonstrate a search strategy, it is not a considered search for any of your topic.

You will probably need to alter your search terms as you go.

Search For Resources

Suggested databases for this assignment are:

The Evidence Based Practice page on this subject guide has some useful information.

Some further information on evidence based practice can be found on the following links:

Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (Oxford University)

The Centre promotes evidence-based health care and provide support and resources to anyone who wants to make use of them. Includes the EBM Toolbox, an assortment of materials which are very useful for practitioners of EBM, and EBM Teaching Materials, including PowerPoint presentations.

Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (Canada based)

Includes many resources for practicing and teaching EBM

Alberta Research Centre for Health Evidence

Contains links to recent publications published by the ARCHE team.

Introduction to Evidence-Based Medicine

From Duke University Medical Center Library and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Health Sciences Library.

Do your references pass the CRAAP test?

When was the article published? Check the assessment instructions to see if a date range has been given. Generally for nursing, more recent articles are preferred because new and updated information may have come out.

How old are the references? Has the article referred to other fairly recent articles? 

How old is the data used? Check to see if the data was collected a long time before the study was published. If it has been, do the authors explain why this was?

For more information on evaluating specific study types, please see the Appraise tab on the Evidence Based Practice page of this guide.

Is this information relevant to your assignment? Is there likely to be better information? This will depend on what you are trying to find out. Often you will need to read the abstract to find out.

Is this aimed at the correct audience? Articles for this assessment should be peer reviewed. If you are not sure, you can copy and paste the title into Quicksearch to see if the purple peer review icon shows in the result:

Alternatively, you can check the journal title in Ulrichs. If it has a small black icon that looks like a book next to the title, it is peer reviewed (called refereed in Ulrichs).

For more information on evaluating specific study types, please see the Appraise tab on the Evidence Based Practice page of this guide.

Who wrote it? What are their qualifications? Are the qualifications relevant to the topic? Most peer reviewed articles will have information about the authors, often at the end or hyperlinked, with their qualifications listed. 

Where do they work? Who do they work for? Generally, authors should be working for a university or a research centre of some kind. 

Are they likely to have a good understanding of this field?

For more information on evaluating specific study types, please see the Appraise tab on the Evidence Based Practice page of this guide.

What is the study population size and characteristics? Keep in mind this is dependent on the study type, for example qualitative studies usually have smaller study populations than quantitative. The population does need to be fairly similar however, to enable accurate results and to make sure any effects reported are due to the treatment. For example, a treatment for back pain may look more effective if the group receiving the treatment is much younger than the group that doesn't.

Is there a control group? This is a group that does not receive the treatment, and allows the researchers to compare them to the group getting the treatment to see if it works.

Is there blinding? This is where the control and treatment groups do not know whether they are getting the intervention or not. Remember though that this might not be possible for some interventions, for example researchers testing a new vaccine can give the control group a saline solution instead of the vaccine, but if they are testing a new massage technique it is almost impossible for the participants to be unaware if they received a massage or not!

Do the statistics make sense and match the authors' claims? 

For more information on evaluating specific study types, please see the Appraise tab on the Evidence Based Practice page of this guide.

Who funded the study? Is it a company, university or research organisation? If it is a company, do they manufacture a product being tested? If you are not sure, can always search for them on the internet. If the URL ends in .com, it is a company.

Is there any obvious bias where the authors or their employers are likely to benefit from the study recommendations? For example, if the authors work for a particular company and recommend the use of one of their products, this could indicate a risk of bias.

Does it state what the authors' were trying to find out? The research aims or questions should be clearly stated in the beginning of the article, and the conclusions should describe what they found out.

For more information on evaluating specific study types, please see the Appraise tab on the Evidence Based Practice page of this guide.

Write Your Assignment


FedCite is the one stop shop for all your referencing needs. In nursing, you need to use APA 7. Look at the Using APA7 section to find out general information on how to cite and reference, and the source types for specific examples. 

In this assignment, you need to reference peer reviewed journal articles. The table below summarises how to reference journal articles from FedCite.

  Citation Reference
Article with 1 author

Recent studies indicate that . . . (Carbonaro, 2012).

Carbonaro (2012) contends that . . .

Author. (Year). Article title. Journal Name, vol(issue), xx–xx. DOI or URL

Carbonation, L. A. (2012). Can we use MR-mammography to predict nodal status? European Journal of Radiology, 81(1), 17-18.
Article with 2 authors

. . . identifies skills intrinsic to current nursing practitioners (Felton & Royal, 2015).

Felton and Royal (2015) argue that . .

Author. (Year). Article title. Journal Namevol(issue), xx–xx. DOI or URL

Felton, A., & Royal, J. (2015). Skills for nursing practice: Development of clinical skills in pre-registration nurse education. Nurse Education in Practice15(1), 38-43.
Article with 3-20 authors
  • Use only the first listed author’s family name followed by et al. (a Latin abbreviation meaning ‘and others’).

. . . outlining the thought processes (Demacheva et al., 2012).

Demacheva et al. (2012) outlined the through processes relevant to ...

Author. (Year). Article title. Journal Namevol(issue), xx–xx. DOI

Demacheva, I., Ladouceur, M., Steinberg, E., Pogossova, G., & Raz, A. (2012). The applied cognitive psychology of attention: A step closer to understanding magic tricks. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26(4), 541-549.
Article without a doi
  • A doi is a digital object identifier. Some older articles do not have one. Follow the citation instructions according to the number of authors.

Author. (Year). Article title. Journal Namevol(issue), xx–xx. 

Walker, B., & Buchbinder, R. (1997). Most commonly used methods of detecting spinal subluxation and the preferred term for its description: A survey of chiropractors in Victoria, Australia. Journal of Manipulative & Physiological Therapeutics20(9), 583-589.