Object-Based Learning (OBL) is an approach to experience and inquiry-based learning that emphasizes the value of multi-sensory interactions with objects to facilitate deep learning. It began with universities trying to maximize the educational value of legacy museum collections and has expanded to include fields as far apart as nursing, education, and history.
OBL draws heavily on Kolb's Experiential Learning Cycle.
In order for a student to gain deep understanding, students must participate in, reflect on, and analyze an experience.
The video explains University College London's OBL programs and how students benefit from them.
The object must encourage active experimentation and reflective observation to encourage deep learning. Library staff can help you select suitable objects from the historical collections. Alternatively, you might consider using day-to day objects that have rich stories.
Flinders University has created an in-depth guide to OBL in a university setting. You might find it useful for inspiration, approaches, and literature.